1 samuel 1 commentary

December 2, 2020

Now the Philistines gathered their armies together to battle, and were gathered together at Sochoh, which belongs to Judah; they encamped between Sochoh and Azekah, in Ephes Dammim. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. In the first subsection ( 1 Samuel 1:1 to 1 Samuel 2:10), we have the joyful story of Samuel"s miraculous birth and his mother"s gratitude to God for reversing her barrenness and making her fertile.The significance of this story is not only that it gives us the record of how Samuel was born and that his mother was a godly woman. This is the first place where Lord of hosts is mentioned in the Bible; and this is so much in the style of the prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc., that it gives some weight to the supposition that this book was written by a person who lived in or after the times of these prophets. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). 1 There was a man whose name was Elkanah. Keith Simons. God by a proverb foretelleth the destruction of Eli’s house, 1 Samuel 2:27-36. On this ground it might be said that Elkanah gave Hannah his own portion or a part of that which was placed before himself. Then of the advancement of Saul to be the king of Israel, and his ill behaviour, until his death made way for David's succession to … Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 1:4-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This appears to be a story only about a childless woman who brings her problem to the Lord and finds help. The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. 4:1) and succeeds Eli after Eli’s death (1 Sam. Hannah's song of thanksgiving. Commentary for 1 Samuel 1 In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness of his sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. Samuel and Samson (Judges 13:5) were unique because they were Nazirites from birth. 6:34 . Eli, the high priest, indistinctly hearing her pray, charges her with being drunk, 1 Samuel 1:12-14. : Eli misunderstood Hannah, but the fact that he suspected that she was drunk shows that it may not have been unusual for people to become drunk at the “fellowship meals” with the LORD at the tabernacle. Saul reigned one year--(see Margin). In the tradition in which I was raised, Bible study material often tried to present a “Central Bible Truth” for each lesson–the one thing that the biblical text said was important to “take home.” In the reading for the fourth Sunday of Lent from 1 Samuel 16, that central Bible truth was usually the statement … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 16:1-13" 1 Samuel 1:1-8.OF ELKANAH AND HIS TWO WIVES. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. c. It came to pass in the process of time: It didn’t happen right away. The spirit of the Lord came upon David mightily (16:13). Hannah had reason enough to be discouraged, but when the promise of God was spoken she did not lose faith in the promise, even when it took some time. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion - The Hebrew here is very obscure, אפים אחת מנה יתן yitten manah achath appayim ; he gave her one portion of two faces; which the Syriac renders, he gave her one Double Part; and the Chaldee, he gave her one Chosen part; the Arabic is nearly the same; the Vulgate Annae autem dedit unam partem tristis, but to Anna he being sorrowful gave one part. Commentary on 1 Samuel 8:10-22 (Read 1 Samuel 8:10-22) If they would have a king to rule them, as the eastern kings ruled their subjects, they would find the yoke exceedingly heavy. Instead of keeping the. The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. As thy soul liveth - As sure as thou art a living soul, so surely am I the person who stood by thee here praying. 1:3, and from the provisions of the Law of Moses. Taking no part in any mourning for the dead, nor to come near a dead body, because the dead show the corruption and the fruit of sin. The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) Verses 1-8 We have here an account of the state of the family into which Samuel the prophet was born. As your soul lives, my lord, I. the woman who stood by you here, praying to the LORD. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bulls, one ephah of flour, and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the LORD in Shiloh. 5. Until the child is weaned: In that culture, a child was usually not weaned until two years of age, or sometimes three years. 1 SAMUEL 1. Saul chooses a body of troops, 1 Samuel 13:1, 1 Samuel 13:2.Jonathan smites a garrison of the Philistines, 1 Samuel 13:3, 1 Samuel 13:4.The Philistines gather together an immense host against Israel, 1 Samuel 13:5.The Israelites are afraid; and some hide themselves in caves, and others flee over Jordan, 1 Samuel 13:6, 1 Samuel 13:7. The sun, moon, planets, and stars, were the highest objects of religious worship to the heathens in general. ( Harper's Bible Commentary , p. 268) Now the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow. 2. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:4". This gives room for a strong suspicion that the books of Samuel were not compiled till the first temple was built, or after the days of Solomon. She gives birth to Samuel and gives him to Eli the priest so that he may serve Yahweh all the days of his life. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY 1 Samuel W G Blaikie. Bill T. Arnold — 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . i. Hannah shows how we can regain the joy of fellowship in the house of the LORD again: by pouring out our heart before the LORD and by receiving His word with. The prophecy against Eli's family. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. 1 Samuel 13:1 1 Samuel 13:2. But the time of a Levite’s special dedication to the LORD only lasted from the age of 30 to 50 (Numbers 4:2-3). And she said, “O my lord! Keith Simons. : As Elkanah brought his family each year to the tabernacle for sacrifice he ate a ceremonial meal at the tabernacle with his family, giving portions to his wives and their children. So Eli said to her, “How long will you be drunk? We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. Several of these probably attended there for the purposes of prostitution and gain; for it is said, 1 Samuel 2:22, that Eli's sons lay with the women at the door of the tabernacle, though this may refer to the women who kept the door. Eli - sat upon a seat - הכסא על al hakkisse, upon the throne, i.e., of judgment; for he was then judge of Israel. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. i. These were facts which the author did not think it needful to mention, simply because it is implied from 1 Sam. The word of the Lord first revealed to Samuel. Welcome to the books of Samuel, the prophet of God. Put your wine away from you!”. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. 1 Samuel 1:1-8 New International Version (NIV) The Birth of Samuel. 2. His was an epoch life like Abraham's, Joshua's and Luther's. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. His annual worship at Shiloh and the portions he gave at such times to his wives, 3-5. After this the word temple is frequent in the books of Kings, Chronicles, and in the prophets. According to Numbers 6, the vow of a Nazirite included the following: Abstinence from any product from a grape vine, signifying distance from all fleshly pleasures. a. Their willingness to fulfill the vow even at great personal cost is evidence of godliness in Elkanah and Hannah. Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. She the notes on Genesis 21:14, and Matthew 9:17. Then they slaughtered a bull, and brought the child to Eli. A. Samuel ministers before the Lord, 1 Samuel 2:11. 1. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Helen Pocock. God instructed Samuel to anoint David, and Samuel has done that, albeit secretly—Saul knows nothing of the anointing (16:1-13). How industrious Samuel was in serving God, according as his place and capacity were : The child Samuel, though but a … If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. The word Samuel, as we have already seen, is a contraction of the words מאל שאול Shaul meEl, that is, asked or lent of God; for his mother said, 1 Samuel 1:27, The Lord hath given me my petition, which שאלתי Shaalti, I Asked of him. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. “The fact that Eli supposed her to be drunken, and the other of the conduct of Eli’s sons already mentioned, prove that religion was at this time at a very low ebb in Shiloh; for it seems drunken women did come to the place, and lewd women were to be found there.” (Clarke). Effective prayer can be silent and in the heart. Hannah and Elkanah return home; she conceives, bears a son, and calls him Samuel, 1 Samuel 1:19, 1 Samuel 1:20. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. In the tradition in which I was raised, Bible study material often tried to present a “Central Bible Truth” for each lesson–the one thing that the biblical text said was important to “take home.” In the reading for the fourth Sunday of Lent from 1 Samuel 16, that central Bible truth was usually the statement … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 16:1-13" The focus of these chapters is on the life and ministry of Samuel. 1. It is reasonable to assume that Hannah was in no hurry to wean Samuel. Very readable with excellent insights. 1 Samuel 17 – David and Goliath A. Goliath challenges Israel. He said, “do everything in obedience to God so we may see His word established among us.”. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 2:1-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This passage has its roots in the book of Judges—in the chaotic time when “there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes” (Judges 17:6). We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. There is a great deal of delicacy and point in this vindication. Saul’s Death Wish (1 Samuel 31) Report Inappropriate Ad. By a post of the temple of the Lord - I think this is the first place where יהוה היכל heychal Yehovah, "temple of Jehovah," is mentioned. 2. Verse 1 Fetched up the ark - When these people received the message of the Beth-shemites, they probably consulted Samuel, with whom was the counsel of the Lord, and he had encouraged them to go and bring it up, else they might have expected such destruction as happened to the Beth-shemites. Even though the priests were wicked, he still offered sacrifices to the LORD, knowing that the wickedness of the priest did not make his own service to the LORD invalid. Spurgeon on Blaikie's related life of David: "Dr. Blaikie is a good writer. Eli reproves his sons, but mildly 1 Samuel 2:22-25. , and the other of the conduct of Eli’s sons already mentioned, prove that religion was at this time at a very low ebb in Shiloh; for it seems. SAUL'S SELECTED BAND. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. This commentary has been through Advanced Theological Checking. A. Jonathan defends David before his father Saul. His father’s name was Elkanah, a Levite, and of the family of the Kohathites (the most honourable house of that tribe) as appears, 1 Chr. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. The wickedness of Eli's sons, Samuel's ministry. b. Summary 1 Samuel 1: After many years of barrenness, Hannah’s prayers are answered. Then they arose early in the morning and worshipped: Hannah could genuinely worship the LORD in faith while the promise was still not yet fulfilled. God used the trial of a closed womb to accomplish something great in her life and to further the whole plan of salvation. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. means “Name of God” but Hannah – as was common among the Hebrews – made a pun on the name by saying that she had “asked the LORD for him.”, is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. b. I have poured out my soul before the LORD: This is exactly what Hannah needed to do. See the preface. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. The fact that 1 Samuel 1:24 mentions three bulls brought to Shiloh, but 1 Samuel 1:25 mentions only one being sacrificed (with some of the meat available for a fellowship meal) emphasizes that one of the bulls was specifically made as a burnt offering for the cleansing and consecration of little Samuel. One Step Forward and Two Backward (1 Samuel 27:1-28:2) 25. Am not I better to thee than ten sons? The wickedness of Eli's sons, Samuel's ministry. 3. Unlike today, when the average child costs about $227,000 to raise, in a … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10" 2 He had two wives. A list of the best commentaries on 1/2 Samuel ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. 19:20. With three bulls: The fact that 1 Samuel 1:24 mentions three bulls brought to Shiloh but 1 Samuel 1:25 mentions only one being sacrificed (with some of the meat available for a fellowship meal) emphasizes that one of the bulls was specifically made as a burnt offering for the cleansing and consecration of little Samuel. As she continued praying: This is literally, “as she multiplied to pray.” We only have recorded a bare summary of Hannah’s prayer. It was in a place that God had given to Ephraim's tribe.Elkanah was the son of Jeroham. - Ten, a certain for an uncertain number. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 17:1-58 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Saul is the king, but he has disobeyed God and God has rejected his kingship (chapter 15). Psalm relevant to this chapter: Psalm 59. The Philistines send out foraging companies, and waste the land, 1 Samuel 13:17, 1 Samuel 13:18. And his vow - Probably he had also made some vow to the Lord on the occasion of his wife's prayer and vow; in which, from his love to her. a. 1 Samuel 2. Is not my especial affection to thee better than all the comfort thou couldst gain, even from a numerous family? Hannah, why do you weep?… Am I not better to you than ten sons. Commentaries for the book of 1 Samuel. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). 1 Samuel Chapter 1 Summary. : Hannah began her prayer by calling on the, This title is used some 260 times in the Old Testament and has the idea “LORD of the Mighty Armies.” Hannah felt attacked by her rival, so she called on the, : Hannah promised her son to the work of the LORD, vowing he would be a Nazirite from birth (, I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head. c. The God of Israel grant your petition: Eli may have spoken this only as a kind wish; but it was in fact a word from the LORD. The books of 1 and 2 Samuel used to be one book. "If I am a drunkard, and strive by the most execrable hypocrisy (praying in the house of God) to cover my iniquity, then I am the chief of the daughters of Belial." Yet this passage shows that prevailing prayer doesn’t need to be vocal. Ramathaim-zophim — The latter word means watchers, or watchmen, and the former the Ramahs. (24-28) Hannah dedicates Samuel to God’s service. CHAPTER 1. : Eli may have spoken this only as a kind wish; but it was in fact a word from the LORD. You can find the best commentary on 1/2 Samuel … 1 Samuel 1. : Polygamy was a fact of life in the ancient world. The Ark is captured. Introduction. She spoke softly, none could hear her. Then they slaughtered a bull, and brought the child to Eli. (3-7) Elkanah and his family journey to the tabernacle. We know the plague involved tumors (1 Samuel 5:6, 9, 12). Perhaps those Psalms in which this word occurs were, like many others in the Psalms, not of David's composition; some of them were evidently made long after his time. (19-20) Samuel’s miraculous conception and his birth. : The child was already dedicated as a Levite because God regarded the tribe of Levi as His own special possession. Commentary for 1 Samuel 1 In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness of his sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. It is very likely that the whole passage, from the beginning of 1 Samuel 1:26; to the end of 1 Samuel 2:10; of the ensuing chapter, contains the words of Hannah alone; and that even the clause, He worshipped the Lord there, should be, And she worshipped the Lord there, and prayed, and said, etc. The Israelites earnestly beg Samuel to pray for them. His introductory material, in which he deals with the literary strands that led to the final redaction of the text, is of this nature. The fact that Eli suspected Hannah of drunkenness doesn’t speak well for what went on around the tabernacle. Also, this showed that the Nazirite had greater concerns than the ordinary joys and sorrows of life. Her prayer and vow in the temple, that if God would give her a son, she would consecrate him to His service, 1 Samuel 1:9-11. : Beyond Hannah’s painful trial there was a purpose of God. The book of 1 Samuel [say: ''First Samuel''] is a book of transition. Instead, the idea is that the child is her “prayer,” or the fulfillment of her prayer to the LORD. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. The name of the one was Hannah - חנה Channah, which signifies fixed or settled, and the other פננה Peninnah, which signifies a jewel or pearl. A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2.They resolve to give the Philistines battle once more, and bring the ark of the Lord, with Hophni and Phinehas the priests, into the camp, 1 Samuel 4:3, 1 Samuel 4:4.They do so, and become vainly confident, 1 Samuel 4:5. 1, 2. a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim--The first word being in the dual number, signifies the double city--the old and new town of Ramah ( 1 Samuel 1:19).There were five cities of this name, all on high ground. Revolt of the Israelites under Saul from the Philistines 1. The story is familiar to many of us. But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “. Samuel, the baby born to Hannah, will become a kingmaker—the one who will anoint Saul (9:16; 10:1) and David (16:12-13). The once despised Saviour will at length be acknowledged by all as the Lord's own anointed king. From Tragedy to Triumph (1 Samuel 30:1-31) 28. Chapter one of first Samuel begins with the story of a man named Elkanah, who had two wives.. Hannah's prayer. Mary the mother of Jesus quoted Hannah’s song often (Luke 1:46-55). IV. : At this strategic time and place, God began His plan as He almost always does – with a person He will use. Verses 1-10 To make way for the account of God’s revealing himself first to Samuel, we are here told, 1. She took him up with her: This was hard for Hannah and Elkanah. Their mention here shows how godly Elkanah was. Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. However, the Bible never puts polygamy in a favorable light. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. , yet she did the right thing. And she said, “O my lord! Let thine handmaid find grace - Continue to think favorably of me, and to pray for me. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. No, my lord: Hannah did not accept Eli’s accusation, but she did not respond in a haughty or arrogant tone. He was a believing man who went to worship and sacrifice to God on a yearly basis, but his problem was that the wife he loved, her name Hannah, was barren and could not … The name Samuel means “Name of God” but Hannah – as was common among the Hebrews – made a pun on the name by saying that she had “asked the LORD for him.” Asked in Hebrew sounds like Samuel. Hannah had reason enough to be discouraged, but when the promise of God was spoken she did not lose faith in the promise, even when it took some time. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. You don't need to be a seminary student to enjoy this commentary. Her defense of her conduct, 1 Samuel 1:15, 1 Samuel 1:16. Samuel, Saul and David. 4:18). Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked for him from the LORD.”. 1 Samuel 2. Or, "Give not thy handmaid (to reproach) before the faces of the daughters of Belial." Ramathaim-zophim - Literally, the two high places of the watchman; these were, no doubt, two contiguous hills, on which watchtowers were built, and in which watchmen kept continual guard for the safety of the country and which afterwards gave name to the place. Those that submit to the government of the world and the flesh, are told plainly, what hard masters they are, and what tyranny the dominion of sin is. d. Her face was no longer sad: The change in Hannah’s countenance shows that she received the promise with faith, something necessary if we will inherit the promises of God (Hebrews 6:12). Eli’s sons are wicked, 1 Samuel 2:12-17. Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. But the time of a Levite’s special dedication to the LORD only lasted from the age of 30 to 50 (Numbers 4:2-3). We were not told in 1 Samuel 5 that the plague involved rats. You can also change some of your preferences. Chapters 1:1-28; 2:1 … This twofold meaning of the Hebrew root is not only followed by our translators, but also by the Vulgate, Septuagint, and Syriac. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: It is often good to pray aloud, because it can help us to better focus our thoughts. Chapter 8 is the first account of Israel’s demand for a king, of the response of Samuel and of God, and of the admonition Samuel gives to the people. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" I have poured out my soul before the LORD, : This is exactly what Hannah needed to do.

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