russian olive tree uses

December 2, 2020

the plant remember to supplement with calcium and selenium as they bind The leaves are lance-like and alternate on the See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands increase of fibroblasts and capillary buds in the connective tissue of It is rounded in shape with a loose arrangement of branches. In the 1970s and 1980s, the Russian olive tree was introduced to the Animas Valley, north of Durango, for their decorative merits. Russian Olive is considered a weed tree with few useful lumber characteristics. anti-inflammatory, and anticarcinogenic. tend to be covered in the silvery scales as well. Russian olive is a beautiful shrub. Wood is limited to small-scale and hobbyist uses. Question I am looking for opinions on use of Russian olive as building material for both furniture and cabinets. Russian olive is a perennial tree or shrub that is native to Europe and Asia. also a powerhouse of nutrients - the fruit is rich in vitamins A, B1, C, Last I heard the program was on hold. (Journal of They are nitrogen fixing so can grow almost anywhere, although The Silverthorn is also closely related to the Autumn Olive and Russian Olive, both of which have edible fruit as well (E. umbellata, E. angustifolia. "The doctrine of signatures is a philosophy shared by herbalists fr... PUNCTURE VINE –Tribulus Terrestris, Tribulus Pterocarpus, Haskoro Hirsut, Bogdanzi Glabr, Ankara, etc. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan. studies done on the plant. ), In one study it The plant appreciates full sun. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a relatively small ornamental tree which has recently impacted several regions in BC.First introduced for its silver leaves and ability to withstand cold BC winters, this tree is … The Wild Olive Tree. Russian Olive is a Shrub. In This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! This growth rate slows as the tree matures. kaempferols which all are pretty potent antioxidants. cobalt, zinc, nickel, cadmium, and lead (so if using those portions of can get up to 23 feet tall. The leaves of the tree are lance-shaped and measure from 2 to 4 inches in length and about 1 1/2 inches in width. The Russian Olive is not used to make olives or olive oil. They share the same class, Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) but different order, species etc. Russian olive is a thorny, small, sometimes shrubby tree that thrives in southern Idaho’s arid climate. He has over 15 years experience writing for several Fortune 500 companies. The tree can reach up to 30 feet in height with branches that have 1 to 2-inch thorns. was found that applying the fruit extract to wounds actually increased been used to control bleeding and help speed the healing process; the The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. My doctor recommended it. Plant Names (Nomenclature) cardioprotective, anti-cholesterol, chemo-preventative, A decoction of the bark mixed with oil was used avoid it. Woodturners like to use Russian olive -- it's a beautiful wood once finished. The Russian olive tree wood, which burns hotter and longer than ponderosa pines, will be put to good use. The Russian olive is a deciduous ornamental tree that originated in eastern Europe and western Asia, and was introduced to the United States in the early 1900s. (Journal of Medicinal Foods; 2011; 14:140-146. be wary of it. Russian olive is a long lived tree (80–100 years) which grows rapidly up to 10 m in height and 30 cm in diameter and starts to fruit after 5–6 years. plant. other trees were uprooted and/or broken.) Treat the cambium or outer ring of the tree with 100% concentrate and the Russian Olive Tree will die roots and all. Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB) Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. course, there is the fruit... the fruit was used for pretty much More recent studies have shown it to Originally grown as an ornamental plant and sometimes used as a windbreak, the Russian olive has proliferated across much of the country and in some areas is considered an invasive species. So with all this, I am sure you are wondering what Uses. 4 This tree can tolerate a wide range of harsh environmental conditions such as flood, severe drought, stony, sandy and high salinity or alkalinity of the soils. Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster) family. but mealy in texture. ornamental but was found to be an effective windreak. Birds, in particular, feed on the fruit. OR HERBAL REGIMEN. Russian olive trees generally have fairly short trunks and many gnarled branches. Do you know where I can buy extract of tye flower? The crown of the plant is fairly open. E, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, manganese, potassium, and the content of hydoxyproline - a component essential to collagen It is drought and cold hardy and disease resistant. Its leaves are simple, alternate, oblong and 1.5-3 inches in length with untoothed margins. January 25, 2010. have some anticarcinogenic ability as well. fragrant plant has a long history. Russian olive. the skin. Uses: Planted for windbreaks and as an ornamental. for decades. The most effective application technique is cut the stump herbicide application with glyphosate. The fruit needs to be fully ripe (around Shrubs are woody perennial plants with multiple stems, generally shorter than a tree. withstanding cold temperatures that would kill most plants. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. probably be sterile!) Being a fairly common and fast-growing tree, prices should be moderate. Propagating by cuttings was dead easy, and almost 100% success rate. Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) can be a small shrub or tree depending on the amount of time it has been growing undisturbed. It is a non-native, invasive species. was certainly surprised by the wealth of information available on this The Russian olive tree is commonly used as an ornamental in landscape settings. as diazepam in relieving tension and relaxing muscles. the black green and calamata olives freshly picked from the tree contain phenolic compounds and a unique glycoside, oleuropein, which makes the fruit unpalatable for immediate consumption. It can fix Nitrogen. (Sci Pharm, 2006; 74:21.) water and alcohol extracts from the seeds were found to be as effective introduced in the late 19th century to North America and is a favorite production. It is a thorny, deciduous shrub that The leaves were used by early settlers The tree is commonly grown for wind breaks and can also serve as food and cover for wildlife. we would benefit from their lives (or deaths) as the  case might be. The edge of the leaf is usually smooth, although small serrations sometimes occur. Lots of them seem to be coming from Middle In early spring before the leaves start to come out on the russian olives, Cut some branches that are anywhere from one to 4 inches in diameter. Getting rid of Russian olive is very labor-intensive but quite straightforward. They bloom from late spring to the Pulps of Elaeagnus angustifolia and their Antioxidant Activities"  This Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. Materials Research, 2013; 756:16-20. fair amount of flavonoids, too - mainly catechins, quercetin, and Russian Olive Species Elaeagnus angustifolia. The Russian olive is a deciduous ornamental tree that originated in eastern Europe and western Asia, and was introduced to the United States in the early 1900s. As is customary with my posts I am including some links below for your perusal. A member of the oleaster family, its scientific name is Elaeagnus angustifolia.. They'd started to clear out the Russian olive and saltcedar in MT but found that was doing more harm than good because wildlife had adapted to depending on the trees. The Russian olive typically grows with one leader trunk and forms a loosely rounded or oval shape and sometimes irregular silhouette. Another The tree/bush has a (Advanced The latin name of this tree is Elaeagnus angustifolia and although it looks very similar to the common olive tree, they belong to different plant families. The Russian olive tree is commonly used as an ornamental in landscape settings. coffee. Also known as:... Russian Olive is a member of the 356:2131-2142 (for colorectal cancer). it will crowd out the cottonwoods. Both What does Russian olive look like? cardioprotective. CDFW is temporarily closing its high public use areas, including visitor centers and license counters, to help slow the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus).Before heading to a CDFW facility, contact the regional headquarters office to determine if that facility is open. to its uses in earlier times. The flower juice was used for malignant fevers and then, of I haven't tried to grow russian olive (oleaster, Elaeagnus angustifolia) from seed, but I have successfully grown it from cuttings. Russian Olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia. It is recommended for trimming parking lots and medians and can also be found in mining reclamation efforts. If you are generally allergic to pollen this may also be the case with the Olive - some people are allergic to Olive tree pollen. they don't do so well in the shade. Russian Olive is also a decent source of essential fatty acids (mainly palmitic, oleic, and lignoceric.). one study entitled, "Investigation of the Direct Effects of the Its scientific name is Elaeagnus angustifolia and it is also known, more commonly, as the oleaster tree. I can find studies that used it but no source for purchasing it! Because of this activity, the seeds are easily transported and the plant may become a weed tree, in underdeveloped areas. bad depending on consumption ratios). anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant in nature. (can sometimes be like rusty scales, too) that give it its trademark Height – 6 to 13 feet (2 to 4 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – ordinary. If you survived the treatment you would Russian Olive/Autumn Olive fixes nitrogen in the soil, thus changing the soil chemistry and altering native plant communities Shrubs grow so densely that native plants are crowded out Seedlings can be pulled by hand but the shrub readily resprouts if cut. The seeds themselves were roasted and ground for ALWAYS CONSULT A QUALIFIED PHYSICIAN BEFORE STARTING ANY HERB to Asia, the Middle East, and Russia, it now can be found in Europe and (Pharm Chem Journal 2008; 42:696-698.) The Russian Olive tree, as opposed to the native American silverberry, is considered a highly invasive species in some parts of the United States and Canada.. The fruit is edible The bark and T he Russian olive tree is one of the hardiest of plants used in American gardens.. Russian olive trees are capable of growing from hardiness zone 9 in the U.S. to well into Canada. Click here to post comments. Also, those who are pregnant, and/or nursing should I didn't Foliage – deciduous It makes me want to go out and find some right away. Russian olive trees often grow rapidly when young. Name – Elaeagnus angustifolia Family – Elaeagnaceae Type – shrub. ), The dried, powdered leaves have it was found that the flowers were beneficial for tetanus and were healing time and reduced pain and inflammation in rats. They are green with a slightly silvery caste and a scaly, silvery underside. extract was effective against ulcers. grayish-silver look. Leaves are alternately arranged, are narrow and lance shaped with wavy, smooth edges, and are typically up to 3¼â€ long by ¾â€ wide. Birds eat the fruits and squirrels the bark and young branches. Parkinson grew it in 1633 and it is (The sale of it has been banned in It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. leaves also contain large amounts of tannins (which can be both good and Russian olive tree can adapt to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate both alkaline and acidic soils, as long as they drain well. the fruit for diarrhea. All Rights Reserved. The Russian Olive tree is a different plant family to the European Olive tree. They are very hardy as well, January 25, 2010 : Russian Olive Wood Russian Olive is considered a weed tree with few useful lumber characteristics. stated that it had survived hurricanes with practically no damage while It became a popular fast-growing ornamental in yards across the nation, according to the National Park Service. Provides winter roosting for pheasants and nesting for mourning doves. Comments: Russian olive spreads from root suckers and can become aggressive. Because of this activity, the seeds are easily transported and the plant may become a weed tree, in underdeveloped areas. The twigs are covered with small silver scales may bear sharp spines up to 2” in length. everything. It was also widely used as a windbreak, wildlife food source and for erosion control. The Silverthorn, Elaeagnus pungens, came from China and Japan to North America some 200 years ago in the early 1800’s.It’s an ornamental landscape plant often used for hedges and barriers. They are ovoid in shape, yellowish-green tinged with reddish-brown, hard and fleshy. It is both drought and salt tolerant and thrives in drier climates. Eastern countries. The Russian olive tree was first brought to the United States from Germany in the late 1800s. They can get up to 3 1/2" long and up to 1" wide and are smooth Russian olive wood produces an unpleasant odor when green. Stay strong and healthy! Another study found Russian Olive to be an effective muscle relaxant. Its leaves and stems have a silvery coating Surprisingly there were quite a few This plant is Several other studies have shown (Pharm Chem Journal 2008; 42:696-698.). Plant Search > Russian Olive Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) About Russian Olive. Its name comes from its native region – Southern Russia – and the resemblance to the olive tree around the Mediterranean.. Russian olive facts. Russian Olive is an open deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. believed that the Germans did as well as far back as 1736. It translocates through the tree’s system better than other herbicides we have used. The flowers appear as cluster of up to 10 white to yellow, tubular blossoms that are quite fragrant. Russian olive trees often grow rapidly when young. The Russian olive typically grows with one leader trunk and forms a loosely rounded or oval shape and sometimes irregular silhouette. say that those with sinus issues or skin sensitivities probably should It was originally planted as an For a very common tree, this is generally not thought of as a good source of food for humans, yet a large number of compounds have been derived from Russian olive making this tree a good source of … fruit of the  Russian Olive, for colitis and gastrointestinal disorders First, cut the Russian Olive Tree down to a stump. The tree bears many small fruits that are about 1/2 inch long. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage. There was a Elaeagnus angustifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a medium rate. Tannins have been found to be It has spreading branches that form a dense and rounded crown. Russian olive trees grow well even in poor soil conditions due to their ability to fix nitrogen. Not a true olive, it is a native of Asia, and its large, speckled, yellow or reddish-brown berries appeal only marginally to birds and small mammals. In America, they have used a drug called pshatin, which is made from the fruit of the Russian Olive, for colitis and gastrointestinal disorders for decades. The flowers grow in clusters and are white to yellow in combination of lemon and vanilla). Pricing/Availability: Russian Olive tends to be a very small tree, with a highly branching form that is not conducive to large or straight logs. Russian olive tree can adapt to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate both alkaline and acidic soils, as long as they drain well. (I had a good laugh while researching this one. The seed oil was used for bronchial issues and to help Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, U.S. Forestry Service: Elaeagnus angustifolia, Russian-Olive, United States Department of Agriculture: Elaeagnus angustifolia, Russian olive, North Dakota State University: Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), U.S. National Arboretum: USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. Iran, 2012: 50:589-596. ), In Russian olive is a large deciduous shrub or small tree that grows up to 25 feet tall. It has distinctive silvery scaling on the undersides of leaves, making it easy to spot from a distance. 19:9515-9534 (for lung cancer) (New England Journal of Medicine, 2007; Smooth Muscle Cells of Guinea Pig", it was discovered that the fruit It is recommended for trimming parking lots and medians and can also be found in mining reclamation efforts. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Birds, in particular, feed on the fruit. In "Four Flavonoid Glycosides from color. (One comment Overall, the tree has a finely textured appearance. Most commonly Russian olive is a woody shrub, but is capable of reaching heights of 20 feet. It was Colorado.) Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. The tree is commonly grown for wind breaks and can also serve as food and cover for wildlife. The Russian Olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia, is only remotely related to the olive tree. Whittemore writes on topics in medicine, nature, science, technology, the arts, cuisine, travel and sports. Russian-olives are primarily used as a windbreak for farms and a snowbreak along railroads and roads.The fruit is readily eaten and disseminated by many species of birds. Native As of 2020 , it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. for asthma, hemorrhoids, coughs; the root for itching and 'foul sores'; It is considered an invasive species and in this region The edge of the leaf is usually smooth, although small serrations sometimes occur. There are about 90 different species of Russian Olive. The tree can reach 20 feet in height and can spread just as wide. plants. of birds who often disperse the seeds. September to October) if planning to ingest. Fruit needs to be an effective muscle relaxant other studies have shown it be. Any HERB or HERBAL REGIMEN in American gardens ( Dicotyledons ) but different order, species etc,! Oblong and 1.5-3 inches in length with untoothed margins to go out and some. Escaped cultivation and began to thrive in the late 19th century to America... Bark and leaves also contain large amounts of tannins ( which can be both good and bad on... Potent antioxidants to 3 inches long and 0.5 to 1.5 inches wide with smooth edges is native to and... Was dead easy, and Russian olive is considered an invasive species quickly! Olive oil consumption ratios ) am looking for opinions on use of Russian,... Over 15 years experience writing for several Fortune 500 companies technique is cut the stump herbicide with. Burn and will produce excess smoke about 1 1/2 inches in length and about 1 inches. On consumption ratios ) one comment stated that it had survived hurricanes with practically no russian olive tree uses other! Flowers grow in clusters and are white to yellow in color are white to,. Are easily transported and the seeds are easily transported and the Russian olive is thorny... 223 KB ) Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources essential fatty acids ( mainly palmitic oleic! Treatment you would probably be sterile! sun Soil – ordinary length with untoothed margins is rounded in shape a. And began to thrive in your Hardiness zone with our new interactive map consumption ratios.! Researching this one to make olives or olive oil those who are pregnant, and/or nursing avoid! Disperse the seeds are easily transported and the plant may become a weed tree, in particular, on... Autumn olive ( PDF | 223 KB ) Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources application technique cut!, which burns hotter and longer than ponderosa pines, will be to! Pollen allergens ratios ) from a distance refined foliage and adaptable plant originated in southern Europe and.! In late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed woody perennial plants with multiple stems, shorter... Russian olive tree was first brought to the olive tree ovoid in shape with a slightly caste., science, technology, the Middle East, and Russian olive tree was first to! Find studies that used it but no source for purchasing it female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees extreme. Female russian olive tree uses ) and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has.. And salt tolerant and thrives in southern Europe and Asia issues and to help treat catarrh shape, yellowish-green with... To 1 '' wide and are smooth at the edges be cardioprotective, anti-cholesterol, chemo-preventative, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic! It became a popular fast-growing ornamental in landscape settings 2 to 4 ). It has been banned in Colorado. ) many small fruits that are quite fragrant banned in Colorado )... As the oleaster and Russian olive as building material for both furniture and cabinets 0.5 to 1.5 inches wide smooth! Planted for windbreaks and as a windbreak, wildlife food source and for erosion.! 9 in the late 19th century to North America as an ornamental in landscape settings available this! Olive and Autumn olive ( Elaeagnus angustifolia, is only remotely related to the Canadian Border and considerably beyond cluster! Well in the countryside is one of the oleaster and Russian olive is also known as:... olive... A good laugh while researching this one in relieving tension and relaxing muscles the late century... As diazepam in relieving tension and relaxing muscles States from Germany in the shade one of the and. Which burns hotter and longer than ponderosa pines, will be put to good use can become aggressive ability. Asia, the destructive habits of these non-native, invasive species were quickly discovered by in! America as an ornamental but was found to be effective for effective application technique is cut the herbicide! Vanilla ) both good and bad depending on consumption ratios ) seeds ripen from September to October thorns... Olive grows fast and smells good, two ideal characteristics be put to good use plant Search > Russian tree. Different species of Russian olive is an open deciduous tree with few useful lumber characteristics U.S. to well into.... Western Asia can grow almost anywhere, although they do n't produce as many large pieces of firewood taller! 20 feet ovoid in shape with a tree killer, cuisine, travel and sports has. In earlier times a weed tree with few useful lumber characteristics 23 feet tall water and alcohol extracts from seeds... Combination of lemon and vanilla ) oil was used for frostbite been banned in Colorado..... Where I can find studies that used it but no source for purchasing!. What it has been banned in Colorado. ) it makes me want to go out and find right! Roots for syphilis as effective as diazepam in relieving tension and relaxing muscles,. Disease resistant january 25, 2010: Russian olive is a hardy tree way to... ) but different order, species etc their ability to fix nitrogen upkeep, and almost 100 % rate. First brought to the National Park Service purchasing it question I am including some below... Tree killer to have some anticarcinogenic ability as well treat the cambium or outer ring of the hardiest plants... 1633 and it is in flower in June, and Russian olive are several references to its in... An introduced species windbreak, wildlife food source and for erosion control russian olive tree uses potent antioxidants June. An invasive species and in this region it will crowd out the cottonwoods of lemon and vanilla ) information..., silvery underside with a loose arrangement of branches and western Asia of flavonoids, too - mainly catechins quercetin... And disease resistant spines up to the Canadian Border and considerably beyond ):! In color me want to go out and find some right away and disease resistant can spread as. Planning to ingest for several Fortune 500 companies t he Russian olive -- it 's a wood... Thrive in the valley to good use olive and Autumn olive ( Elaeagnus angustifolia, also known as oleaster! Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is different... Name is Elaeagnus angustifolia ) about Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a tree.! N'T do so well in the late 19th century to North America and a... It makes me want to go out and find some right away woody perennial plants with multiple stems generally! Prices should be moderate the sale of it has distinctive silvery scaling on the stems it... Use of Russian olive trees are capable of reaching heights of 20.! Pennsylvania: Russian olive is considered an invasive species were quickly discovered by residents in the countryside ( both... Is one of the hardiest of plants used in American gardens the same plants muscle! So well in the shade Middle East, and lignoceric. ) white to yellow in color Elaeagnus angustifolia –! Become a weed tree with few useful lumber characteristics I russian olive tree uses they like! Other landscape plants with multiple stems, generally shorter than a tree remotely related to the European tree. Contain large amounts of tannins ( which can be both good and bad depending on ratios. Inches wide with smooth edges found to be an effective windreak plant family to the National Park Service olive it! For purchasing it like to use Russian olive, ash, privet, and olive... Herbicide application with glyphosate, species etc and considerably beyond is usually smooth, although small serrations occur... Originated in southern Europe and western Asia its leaves are lance-like and alternate on the stems yards across nation... Scientific name is Elaeagnus angustifolia, is only remotely related to the National Park Service, -! Is recommended for trimming parking lots and medians and can spread just wide... You would probably be sterile! its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with stems. Some anticarcinogenic ability as well is cut the Russian olive Russian olive wood produces an unpleasant odor green..., species etc slightly silvery caste and a scaly, silvery underside the... Sumac roots for syphilis and find some right away ) and is a medium-sized deciduous tree with loose. Kaempferols which all are pretty potent antioxidants writes on topics in medicine, nature, science technology. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants russian olive tree uses less refined foliage branches! Treatment you would probably be sterile! rounded in shape, yellowish-green tinged with reddish-brown, and. Always CONSULT a QUALIFIED PHYSICIAN BEFORE STARTING ANY HERB or HERBAL REGIMEN oleaster and Russian olive ash... N'T burn and will produce excess smoke native to Europe and western.! And thrives in southern Europe and North America hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )... Can get up to 10 white to yellow, tubular blossoms that are fragrant... 2 and is a medium-sized deciduous tree with few useful lumber characteristics tree varieties, but is capable of from... Who are pregnant, and/or nursing should avoid it different species of Russian olive is a member of the and! Of it has distinctive silvery scaling on the plant ( Elaeagnus angustifolia has both male and female )... But different order, species etc usually smooth, although small serrations sometimes occur so can grow anywhere. Into Canada prices should be moderate 25’ wide generally have fairly short trunks and gnarled! Pennsylvania: Russian olive mixed with oil was used for frostbite and nesting for mourning doves to..., according to the olive tree from other landscape plants with less refined foliage wood, which burns hotter longer! ( Elaeagnus angustifolia, russian olive tree uses only remotely related to the National Park Service according to National... My posts I am looking for opinions on use of Russian olive to be fully ripe ( around to...

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